College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

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Queries Related To Synopsis & Dissertations :-
Please note the trainees are requested to attend workshop on Research Methodology, Biostatics and dissertation writing before under taking synopsis / research work.
Following are the frequently asked questions related to Synopsis and Dissertation. Candidates are advised to review them and if there are any further questions they may fill out the query form and they will be responded at the earliest.
    Q1 : Why should I write synopsis or dissertation?
      Submission of synopsis / Protocol on a chosen topic, its approval from Research and Training Monitoring Cell (RTMC), CPSP, and preparing a dissertation, acceptable to the College, is mandatory for all candidates aspiring to appear in the FCPS-II theory, clinical and oral examination.


    Q2 : When should I submit my synopsis?
      Synopsis should be submitted within:

      • SIX months commencement of training in main specialty.

      • OR

      • Six months commencement of sub-specialty training.

      In all cases it should be submitted during 1st year of training in specialty or six months of starting the subspecialty training.


    Q3 : When should I submit my Dissertation?
      Time period between approval of synopsis and submission of dissertation must be at least six months or duration of study.

      Dissertation must be submitted as soon as possible during the training period. It should be submitted early in order to facilitate due processing.


    Q4 : When should I start research work?
      Research work (data collection) should be started after the approval of synopsis on selected topic. Data collection must be after the approval of synopsis during the training period of the candidate. Dissertation based on retrospective studies (data collection) is not acceptable.


    Q5 : I am a FCPS Part-II trainee, I want to know that can I submit papers in lieu of dissertation?
      A trainee may submit two papers published in indexed journals (Index Medicus), as first or second author, in lieu of the dissertation. The trainee must submit a separate synopsis for each paper. The format of these synopses will be similar to those submitted for dissertation. The copies of published papers, if published in national journal or letter of acceptance if submitted to international journals must be submitted to RTMC & Examinations at least three months before the date of examination.


    Q6 : When should a trainee, select a supervisor?
      Supervisor is a qualified postgraduate medical teacher under whose guidance the trainee conducts the research work & Training.

      The first important step a trainee is expected to take immediately after passing the FCPS part I examination is to select a competent supervisor who is approved as a supervisor in the specialty by CPSP. It is mandatory for a trainee to submit a photocopy of the supervisors certificate from CPSP also mention the present status of trainees under his supervisor.

      The supervisor should be carefully selected by the trainee, since he/she will need constant guidance, supervision and support at all stages of training and writing the Dissertation.


    Q7 : How should a trainee select a topic of synopsis?
      The topic must be selected, in consultation with the supervisor and the topics of dissertation synopsis posted on the web site making sure that the topic has not been over studied or research on the same aspect repeatedly done or being duplicated by some other trainee in the institute.


    Q8 : Is there any training/workshop on dissertation writing?
      It is mandatory that the trainee attented the 'Research Methodology, Biostatistics & Dissertation Writing (RMBDW)' workshop before writing a synopsis.


    Q9 : Is retrospective data collection allowed?
      Retrospective data collection (data collected prior to the approval of synopsis) is not allowed. Data collection must be after the approval of synopsis, during the training period of the candidate. Dissertation based on retrospective studies (data collection) will be rejected.


    Q10 : Can two trainees in the same institute conduct study on the same topic?
      Study on the same topic with the same objectives cannot be conducted by any other trainee in the same institute similarly frequently used topics are to avoided unless a completely difficult aspect is being observed.


    Q11 : What are the rules for submission of papers in lieu of dissertation?
      A trainee may submit two papers published in indexed journal (Index Medicus), as first or second author, in lieu of the dissertation. The trainee must submit a separate synopsis for each paper. The format of these synopses will be similar to those submitted for dissertation. As soon as possible during the training period. In case of unavoidable delay it should be submitted at least 6 months prior to the call of applications for FCPS-II examination the trainee desires to take.

      The trainee should proceed with the research work only after the approval of these synopses.

      CPSP realizes that the publication in international journal may take longer than in national journals. Therefore if the articles(s) has (have) been submitted to an international journal, a letter of acceptance will suffice.


    Q12 : How should a trainee, plans research work for his/her dissertation?
      • The research work or study must be started after receiving the approval of synopsis/research protocol from the RTMC, CPSP.

      • The research work or study must be planned in such a way that the entire study, including dissertation writing, is completed during the training period.

      • Time period between approval of synopsis and submission of dissertation must be at least six months or duration of study.

      • Dissertation must be submitted at least six months before the end of training period which is duly registered with the RTMC. Strict compliance to this rule is essential.

      • Retrospective data collection is not allowed. The entire study should be conducted during the training period of the candidate.

      • The topic and research methodology must be the same as laid down in the synopsis/research protocol approved by the RMTC, CPSP.



    Q13 : What should be the language of dissertation writing?
      • The writing of dissertation must be planned in such a way that continuity of the theme is maintained.

      • It must be written in trainee’s own words and style. The language must be simple, direct and precise. Verbosity must be avoided.

      • Direct quotations must be minimally used. If quoted, these must be given within inverted commas with full acknowledgment.

      • The statements, other than trainee’s own, must be supported with reference citation.

      • The trainee, who plagiarizes or copies someone else’s Dissertation, will be liable for a punitive action by CPSP, which may include debarring him/her from appearing in FCPS examination for lifetime.

      • Each table must be typed or computer-printed with double space, on a separate page. It must be numbered consecutively, in order of citation and inserted at the appropriate place in the text. Symbols and abbreviations, if used, must be explained in the footnote of each table.



    Q14 : How should a trainee submit his/her dissertation?
      • Three hard certified copies and one CD of dissertation must be submitted to the RTMC, CPSP, through the Supervisor for assessment and approval, preferably least one year before the date of examination in which the trainee desires to appear.

      • The dissertation must be secured with spiral binding.

      • The dissertation must be submitted along with the paid bank challan or a bank draft/pay order of Rs.10000/- (subject to revision) issued in the name of CPSP, on account of Dissertation fee and binding charges.

      • Once the dissertation is submitted to CPSP, it must not be submitted to any other institution for a postgraduate diploma or degree. Violation of this rule , will render the trainee liable to punitive action by CPSP, which may include cancellation of Fellowship.

      • Plagiarism is strictly prohibited. If detected or reported punitive action will be taken by the college which may include debarring from the examination training.